Attempt to disrupt the sale of ARM. Unity trade Union and political forces they call the deal a disaster.

The UK’s largest trade Union, Unity, has strongly criticised the sale of ARM to NVIDIA. According to their assumptions, this will lead to the reduction of thousands of jobs.

 

Unity also appealed to the government to block the deal because of the potential threat of disrupting the growth of the country’s technology sector.

 

So do some politicians, in particular, and Edward Miliband.

 

 

 

Unions and politicians also don’t believe in NVIDIA’s long-term policy, with its promises to preserve the location of ARM’s headquarters and plans to build a research center in Cambridge with a supercomputer based on ARM processor systems.

 

They also suggest that after the full package of conditions for this deal comes into force, ARM’s UK operations will be curtailed and moved abroad.

 

“It would be crazy to put this at risk by allowing ARM to be put in the hands of a multinational Corporation that would benefit from its closure. Our members have serious concerns about the deal with Nvidia, which was not helped by the fact that ARM management kept them in the dark and deceived them, justifying that the sale is 18 months away, ” said Unite regional representative Matt Whaley.

Their opinion is also supported by Daniel Zeichner, the member of Parliament for the Cambridge district, and the issue has already been sent to the house of Commons.

 

UK laws can allow the country’s authorities to suspend any transactions with local companies for up to two months if they relate to national security. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has stated his desire to preserve ARM as a company that makes a significant contribution to the country’s economy.

 

Historically, NVIDIA did not try to negotiate with ARM, the issue was resolved with their owner – Softbank.

The purchase amount will be $40 billion. Part of this amount Nvidia will transfer to the holding in the form of its shares ($21.5 billion), and part- ($12 billion) in cash, including $2 billion at the time of the deal with SoftBank. Further, the Japanese holding company may receive additional payments of up to $5 billion in cash or shares, taking into account ARM’s future earnings. Nvidia will pay the remaining $1.5 billion to ARM employees as an additional liability.

 

Its co – founder, British businessman Hermann Hauser, expressed his dissatisfaction with the transfer of ARM into the hands of Nvidia, and he did it in early August 2020. He said that Nvidia is not the right owner for ARM, and added that such a deal would inevitably lead to disaster in the industry. Hauser believes that the expected transition of ARM to NVIDIA ownership can radically change the situation and force developers to abandon the use of the ARM architecture. “Most licensees will become competitors of Nvidia, and in this case they will have to look for an alternative to ARM developments,” Hauser said.

 

What will it give to ordinary users? Participation in marketing wars does not threaten them; only the consolidation of a Corporation like NVIDIA by absorbing ARM will give the Corporation an opportunity to grow, and this may not always look like a blessing.

Apple moves to 5-nanometer processor technology

In the fall of 2020, Apple plans to debug the full-scale industrial release of its A14 processors, which finally fully use the latest 5-nanometer technology (TSMC).

 

As part of the annual technology conference, the main details of both 5-and 3-nanometer processors were presented.

 

Based on the fact that Apple processors are manufactured only by Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation (TSMC), which is paid very good money by Apple to ensure that their latest products (iPhone and iPad, with the addition of iMac in the near future) use only the most modern technologies developed by TSMC.

At the annual technology conference TSMC Technology Symposium, the announcement of production process optimization was presented, which is already beginning to draw a General idea of what can be expected from the new Apple processors.

 

In any case, the main criterion for the performance of new Apple processors will be their architecture. At the same time, a very large role in this case is assigned, among other things, to production processes, which help to get an idea of how complex, large and productive such processor chips can be, what their power consumption level is at the specified clock frequency parameters, and how fast they can work over a long period of time.

In the context of announcements presented on the site Anandtech.com it is already possible to get a rough idea of the chips expected from TSMC for Apple: in terms of 5-nanometer extensions, the processor for Apple A12 was made using 7-nanometer technology, and in the production of A13 processors for iPhone 11, an expanded upgraded version of the second generation is used.

We expect Apple to debug the full-scale release of A14 processors made using 5-nanometer technology in the fall of this year.

 

It is also expected to release iMac computers with their own chips, also based on 5-nanometer TSMC technology.

 

What is the difference between processors based on 5 nanometer technology from TSMC? The developer claims that the latest technological process will make it possible to place 80% more logic circuits on the same substrate area, as well as reduce power consumption by 30% at the same clock frequency and increase performance by 15%.

 

Most likely, given the specified parameters increase even these optimistic data by 5-15% within development release 2021 module N5P, you can expect at least increase performance by 5% while reducing energy consumption by 10-15%.

 

However, the real increase in transistor density, we do not see – that is, to increase one jump substantial productivity gains in the fall of 2021 will have to increase the area of the chip, which will increase the cost of products.

 

Prospects for the development of a 3-nanometer technology processors at this time, presented the possibility of increasing transistor density by 70%, which will give a real performance increase by about 70% and the growth speed by 10-15% reduced energy consumption by 25-30%…

 

So Apple, as always, goes its own way, investing in technology and the future.

A new game service from Microsoft has been launched

In connection with the upcoming release on the market in November 2020, Microsoft Corporation launches its new cloud service Xbox Game Pass Ultimate.

 

Since at this time it is also planned to start selling Xbox Series S and X game consoles, such a step to open a cloud gaming service, according to the Corporation, should significantly increase Microsoft’s competitiveness in the confrontation with Sony’s consoles.

 

Most importantly, to participate in games for Xbox consoles in the new mode, you do not even need to purchase the console itself.

 

The fact is that, in addition to Xbox consoles, the Game Pass Ultimate service will support the game on devices with the Android operating system with the appropriate game controller, as well as on personal computers.

Access to the service will be available in the beta version of the service in 22 countries and will allow you to play more than 150 games (starting from Sea of Thieves, Gears 5 and many others) at a cost of $ 14.99 per month, and the initial first month of subscription will cost only $ 1.

For the full operation of such a high-load service as a cloud gaming system, it will require, of course, a high bandwidth Internet connection for users.

 

Microsoft has tried to optimize these requirements as much as possible and reduce them to the lowest possible level, including signing contracts with Internet service providers to get the most reliable connection between players and data centers of the Microsoft Azure cloud system.

 

 

In November, Microsoft Xbox series s and x consoles go on sale. The presence of a cloud gaming service should help them compete with Sony PlayStation consoles.

 

Sony has long launched a similar service, PlayStation Now, but, unlike the Xbox Game Pass Ultimate, it does not support mobile devices.

Copy time: Youtube launches Tiktok analog

In the official channel (blog) YouTube on September 14, it was reported that the video hosting company plans to launch the latest platform on which you can create and publish short videos.

 

 

 

This service, apparently, to some extent copies the functions of the TikTok app, and will be called Shorts.

 

It will be aimed at fans of recording short videos on a smartphone, and also as a bonus will give them the opportunity to overlay music, various special effects and develop networks of subscribers.

 

The experimental springboard of the service, where beta testing will take place, is planned in India-there is an atmosphere that is quite conducive to such tests – this means a direct ban on TikTok and many other Chinese social network applications.

 

That is, Youtube uses its capabilities to develop new markets, after the August launch of Facebook, which launched a similar service on TikTok Reels, where to publish the video length to 15 seconds to open the camera in Instagram, where after selecting the appropriate options – remove and publish it.

 

But the ban in India and the US on TikTok and WeChat, when finally completed, can most likely be circumvented, as it happened with Telegram-despite all the bans and blockages, it successfully held on to the market, working through both paid and free VPN systems…

At the moment, the existing requirements of the US government to transfer control of TikTok to Microsoft do not leave any reasonable user a chance to conclude that the development of any mass user services in the US is possible only if the share is sold to local companies.

 

At this time, after the refusal to provide the full algorithm for TikTok and the owners ‘ choice for sale is not Microsoft, but Oracle, it is difficult to fully imagine all the options for further development and distribution of the mobile application in this territory.

 

Opinions –

 

  1. Owner of Katkov & partners Pavel Katkov:

 

— In fact, before our eyes, the American Internet policy is changing: if there was minimal interference before, now I would call it the policy of the national protectorate;

 

  1. Director of the Institute of information technologies of synergy University Stanislav Kosarev:

 

– Recent decisions indicate that the trade war with China is gaining momentum and reaching a new level. The US is no longer satisfied with additional trade duties and restrictions, now they are looking towards the IT sphere.

NVIDIA very quietly became the owner of ARM

While there are marketing wars between major players in the field of various high-tech products-NVIDIA has acquired ARM-the main developer of mobile processors.

 

The transaction became known from the information posted on the company’s official website. As it became known, the industry giant will need to pay the previous owner (SoftBank) 21 billion dollars in shares, as well as 12 billion in cash.

 

 

This gives SoftBank the opportunity to potentially earn another $ 5 billion from future earnings. In addition, SoftBank employees should receive a total of about $ 1.5 billion due to additional obligations under this transaction.

 

The final transition, after complying with all the rules and getting all the approvals from regulators in the UK, EU, USA and China, will take approximately 18 months.

What will this do for users of computers and other devices?

 

One of the co-founders of ARM, Hermann Hauser, has already expressed his concerns about the sale. He believes that such a deal with NVIDIA could cause the collapse of the industry.

The fact is that one of the main positions in the ARM business model is the ability to sell its products to every company that expresses such a desire and will be able to produce such chips strictly according to the technology.

 

SoftBank’s unique advantage so far has been that, while not being a chip manufacturer, it has been able to maintain both legal, manufacturing, and marketing neutrality in terms of distributing ARM products.

 

If ARM becomes part of NVIDIA, most of the companies that own licenses for the production of such chips will most likely have to look for alternative options…

 

At the same time, NVIDIA plans to maintain the open license approach model for the time being.

 

In addition to including ARM in its system, NVIDIA is also going to become an investor in the construction of a research center for the development of artificial intelligence – ARM’s experience should help with the integration of all the developments and technologies available in the overall system to create a leading computing company in the era of AI.

 

Taking into account all the directions of development of corporations such as Microsoft and Apple in terms of their use of ARM technologies in their products, more large-scale purchases and mergers are possible in the coming years…

Android will be able to share apps offline via Google Play

Google is constantly improving its system of apps and services to make them easier to use. This often happens unexpectedly for users who themselves do not know how much they needed the new feature implemented by Google – the company processes a huge amount of information in order to analytically, at the tip of the pen, understand the nuances of user interaction both with the interface itself and within the program system…

That is, in the near future, users will be able to exchange applications without an Internet connection, that is, they will be able to send applications downloaded from Google Play offline, using the P2P data transfer Protocol, completely without using any intermediate third-party services – the implementation of this function will be “sewn” into the Google store app itself.

 

Implementation is assumed as follows:

 

  1. Sign in to the Google Play app;
  2. Application selection;
  3. View the nearest devices on the network;
  4. Pairing devices via Bluetooth or NFC;
  5. Directly transfer files over WiFi.

Additionally, it is planned to rename the Google Play page “My apps” – it will be called “manage apps and device” with two additional sections: “Overview” and “Management”.

The “Overview” section will contain information about installed applications (in particular, those that need to be updated), as well as data on storage capacity, reviews and ratings.

In the second section, “Management”, there will be all other applications with a choice of options for filtering and ordering them according to user-friendly criteria.

 

The release date of the current Google Play update for this feature will be announced soon.

“Text bombs” for WhatsApp – by whom and for what they are created.

For sure, almost any modern person who uses Whatsapp for everyday communication in various networks knows the expression “text bomb”.

 

This expression describes a message in a special format that causes the app to freeze or even restart a smartphone running both Android and iOS.

 

Not so long ago, journalists discovered entire “factories” for the production of such messages. And although the problem itself is several years old, there is still no clear explanation of the reasons why “enthusiasts” make such messages and send them to other users.

At this time, Whatsapp developers can not completely eliminate the ground for exploiting such a vulnerability, and the reason is not in the desire to continue this epic: when a message in a non-standard format appears on the smartphone screen, the SOFTWARE tries to make calculations for pixel optimization of the image. With specially selected character groups in the message, calculations are either, as experts say, “looped”, or reset and the calculation is repeated again – in any case, up to cyclic device reboots – and it is almost impossible to fully predict the appearance of new text messages of this class.

 

There is, of course, an antidote – you can simply install either a “redesigned” Whatsapp, or install, for example, extended support for various types of encodings, including the so-called Sidhi language that sends such texts.

 

But, of course, this is not a panacea: you can always run a message in another rather rare language, or just create a compilation – for such purposes, it is now quite possible to use artificial intelligence programs…

 

Of course, at this time, the easiest way to avoid the appearance of such miracles in your smartphone is to simply prohibit messages from at least unknown contacts and regularly back up.

 

It is also important to have access to the browser version of Whatsapp (which, fortunately, is not affected by such vulnerabilities) to be able to delete such a critical message if necessary.

Unexpected support for developers came from Russia, other countries are still preparing.

Owners of marketplaces (for example, such as Google Play and the App Store) can legally prohibit vicious internal policies that lead to antitrust violations and discrimination against business partners, which are SOFTWARE developers.

 

Having reasoned philosophically and applied the usual logic, Russian parliamentarians submitted one draft law to the State Duma of the Russian Federation on September 1, 2020.

 

The idea is to regulate the activities of marketplaces: in particular, to deprive companies that use app stores, including Google and Apple, of half of their profits by reducing the Commission for developers, as well as all additional quarterly payments.

 

 

Also, one of the provisions of the bill suggests that the owners of marketplaces will be required to allow users to install app stores from other companies on their devices.

 

About the logic:

 

Let’s analyze the example. You are, for example, Apple. You have an App Store. You invested money in creating:

 

  1. Devices (iMac, iPhone, iPad);
  2. Operating system (iOs);
  3. and, of course, to your crown of creation – the App Store.

 

Of course, You continue to support the development of devices and the operating system. In the App Store, you invite third-party developers to expand the features in the SOFTWARE part. You create a corporate internal policy that States that all SOFTWARE purchases and in – app deductions will then be charged 30% in Your favor.

But there are developers who say: this is too much. What do you say to them? Of course-see our policy: when you signed the agreement on the placement of your products, no one objected? And block dissenters.

 

And then-a karmic reaction-the state tells You: “You have created your environment and your policy. Of course, this is Your business. But, you see, you are in the legal field of States – and they, just imagine – also have their own policies! And the Antimonopoly services also exist”…

 

Curtain…

 

How do marketplaces work?

Unlike other stores, the marketplace does not sell anything: it provides space for sellers and owners of online stores, and not for free-marketplaces take a Commission and receive advertising revenue, and additional deductions may be provided in favor of the marketplace.

In short, it is often more convenient to search for and order products on the site of a large trading platform than on the sites of disparate online stores. Large sites usually support all payment methods for products and allow you to return money if the product is of poor quality.

To create a high-quality trading platform, you need large investments — both in technical solutions (servers, development team) and in marketing (finding partners and suppliers, attracting traffic). Therefore, only large companies can launch a full-fledged marketplace, which does not always contribute to the development of competition.

However, large Russian companies are also gradually launching their own marketplaces. From Yandex-in the fall of 2018, a full-scale launch of the Beru marketplace took place. Now this marketplace offers a variety of products-from food and medicine to computers and smartphones. In October 2018, the start of work across Russia was announced by the marketplace from “m”.Video” — Goods.ru…

 

The draft law “on the marketplace”, the initiative of which belongs to the Deputy head of the Fair Russia faction Fedot Tumusov, affects all companies that own branded marketplaces.

 

For example, the Commission in the Google Play store is 30%, but owners of Android devices can technically install a third-party store. This feature is completely absent on Apple’s mobile gadgets, which has its own store (App Store) it also requires 30% deductions from developers.

 

According to the Deputy, the problem with high commissions in marketplaces is discussed in many countries of the world, not only in Russia. “The appearance of such a rule would reflect Russia’s position in our jurisdiction,” Tumusov said.

 

By the way, at this time, similar initiatives are being worked out by many European countries and not only-Spain, great Britain and Australia are seriously conducting both legal and antitrust assessments of the activities of large companies in order to bring their activities in line with the norms of legislation and generally accepted commercial ethics.

Who is taking advantage of the Fortnite situation?

Recently, various background information around the Epic Games and Fortnite, became interesting for the attention of cyber communities facts – who and how is trying to use the warmed-up audience to their advantage – and, strangely, all versions have as their object under the pretext lighten the wallets of the naive audience. Some plan to do this right now, and others-to convince that the constant overpayment of several tens of percent is for their own good…

Eset, an information security company, for example, has received data about phishing in order to collect credit card lairs using the Fortnite brand.

 

The main page of the phishing site has a list of 150 addresses associated with Fortnite. They fuel interest and offer an advantage in Fortnite: unlock weapons, virtual currency (V-bucks), and the like. When the user selects a game item, it is redirected to a different address (for entering email and password). There is a possibility that this is the way to access your accounts.

 

When you select a list of items of interest, a simulated connection to the server is started and the entered data is displayed. Such actions lull the user’s critical attention and create a realistic effect of authenticity and legitimacy of what is happening.

 

And that’s not all! Next, information authentication is started: it is redirected to a page where you enter the name, zip code of the post office, and information about the Bank card that is supposed to be used to pay for services. The victim also receives a message that the site does not have a license to distribute content in certain countries, for which they need additional billing information. All this looks extremely convincing, even a notification is displayed on the monitor that no operations will be performed with the card.

 

Such sites, however, are safely indexed by search engines and links to them are distributed in social networks and forums.

 

And this applies not only to the above example: brands of popular games are increasingly used for phishing. A similar campaign was also used for users of Marvel Contest of Champions.

Phishing tools are constantly being improved, and the degree of their visual reliability is extremely high.it is almost impossible to distinguish many such sites (created for the collection and misuse of personal data) from the real ones at first glance.

 

Therefore, comprehensive information security solutions with mandatory anti-phishing modules are mandatory for everyone! For those who are afraid of data collection everywhere – at least plugins with anti-phishing for portable versions of private browsers…

 

 

The second use of the situation around Fornite – of course, by the whales of the IT industry-is Apple.

 

Apple, Amazon, Facebook and Google appeared in a hearing before the US House of representatives in late July as part of an antitrust investigation. The main claim is around the App Store… For many years, developers have complained about Apple: a high Commission of 30% and strict requirements in the payment system for internal purchases.

In defense of the App Store, however, the company presented some arguments that could explain the company’s policy – but instead things got complicated…

That is, a joint study by Apple and Analysis Group, which compared the Commission of the App Store and others, clearly showed that 30% is standard practice in Google Play, Amazon Appstore, Samsung Galaxy Store and Microsoft Store…

 

In game stores, the situation is similar, with the exception of the progressive scale for the number of users on Steam and the 12% rate of Epic Games.

Of course, the conclusions and legal assessment in this situation should not be made by users, but by professional lawyers; here a conscious choice of services is an independent choice and you will not be able to shift responsibility for it.

New feature for the may version of Windows 10: downloading viruses via Windows Defender.

After the may update of Windows 10, the antivirus built into the operating system received a completely original and potentially dangerous feature – namely, the ability to download files from both the local network and the Internet via the command line.

 

 

After conducting a security study of this function, it turned out that it was possible to download a file that the antivirus would not have missed – that is, the built-in antivirus does not check the downloaded files…

 

Thus, a security expert (Mohammad Askar) was able to download “Cobalt Strike” (SOFTWARE designed to test system protection) in this way (via the download function in the Windows Defender command line).

Initially, the Cobalt Strike program is designed for conducting penetration tests. It includes a multifunctional Trojan Beacon, which is the main “payload” and provides extensive opportunities for remote management of systems. The attackers used it to install a program in ATMs that interacts with their XFS framework and gives the command to issue cash.

In 2017, 21 attacks were carried out on Russian banks using the Cobalt Strike program, 11 of them were successful. 240 credit institutions were hit, from which the criminals managed to steal 1.156 billion rubles.

The Cobalt Strike program gave its name to the Cobalt group, which has been known since 2016 and specializes in cyber attacks on banks, exchanges, insurance companies and investment funds in order to steal money. Suppliers and contractors of financial organizations have also been hit: criminals use their infrastructure and accounts of real employees to send phishing emails. This approach provided a high level of trust for recipients and helped avoid being blocked by filtering systems on mail servers.

Cybercriminals used unsuspicious email topics, content and names of attachments: “procedure for determining the amount of penalties”, “Invoice for servicing your ATMs”, “documents for signature”, “balance Reconciliation”. The emails sent contained various malicious attachments: a document with an exploit (. doc, .rtf,. xls), an archive with an executable dropper file (. exe,. scr), an archive with an LNK file.

 

To ensure that the presence of malware in the network was not detected immediately, the criminals acted mainly at night, cleaned up their tracks, deleting data, and actively using legal programs for implementation and distribution: Ammyy Admin, TeamViewer, Mimikatz, PsExec, SoftPerfect Network Scanner.

 

According to the REGNUM news Agency, – it is unlikely that the developers have added a feature for PC users to download viruses from the network in this way, but this possibility exists and it seems that it was added to Windows 10 at the time of the next OS update in July 2020.

 

Also, IA REGNUM gave information that Microsoft has disabled the ability to disable “Windows Defender”. This change also occurred after the last (in may 2020) update of Windows 10.

 

Previously, it was possible to disable “Windows Defender” permanently when making changes to the registry, but at this time, Microsoft said that this is an “outdated parameter”.