Apple has introduced three new devices with its new M1 processor, which is the first processor with a 5-nanometer technical process for desktop computers (two laptops and one nettop). Apple’s decision to abandon chips from third-party manufacturers has moved into the practical implementation phase.




That is, at this time, Apple has launched computers on its own microchips for the first time in its production activities: new ARM processors have appeared in MacBook Air , MacBook Pro 13 and Mac mini nettop laptops. All of them work on the M1 processor based on 5-nanometer technology (despite the fact that AMD currently stopped at 7-nanometer, and Intel – 14 – and 10-nanometer technological processes).

The decision to switch to chips of its own production was announced by the company in June 2020, despite several years of fairly successful work on processors from Intel.


The company’s new products with ARM processors are available on pre-order from November 2020. The new M1 processors, according to Apple, present a single system on a common microchip with eight main cores, a video subsystem and memory modules.


The processor chip also includes a T2 security chip and a Thunderbolt/USB4 I / o controller. In comparison with competitors-against the background of the 4-core Core i7, the new M1 is 3.5 times faster in terms of core performance and six times faster in terms of video card performance.

The announced energy efficiency of ARM processors in practice gave the new MacBook Air the ability to work up to 18 hours on a single charge in video viewing mode and up to 15 hours in Internet surfing mode. Externally, the laptop has not changed in comparison with the previous generation, but inside it now has no active cooling system – that is, it has become completely silent…


For the new MacBook Pro, 20 hours of video mode and 17 hours of Internet surfing are announced. Replacing the processor, according to Apple, increased its performance in General tasks by 2.8 times compared to the previous generation, and working with graphics is now five times faster, the cooling system remained active.


The design hasn’t changed in Mac mini either. The computer is available with an active cooler and a wide range of interfaces-HDMI 2.0, a pair of USB-C with support for USB 4 and Intel Thunderbolt 4, and the same number of USB-A 3.1 Gen 2. There is also Ethernet and a connector for speakers-headphones or speakers.


For the release of the Mac on the M1 chip, Apple has also prepared a new Mac OS 11 Bug Sur system, adapted for ARM processors with a completely redesigned iOS-style design. There is also a Rosetta 2 emulator for running new ARM programs written for computers with Intel processors. Mac OS 11 Bug Sur can Wake your PC from sleep mode in a second and use all the features of the new processor to increase productivity in programs – for example, the Safari browser is now twice as responsive. In addition, Apple has optimized all its Mac OS programs for ARM – not only those that come with the OS itself, but everything in General-Pages, Numbers, Keynote, GarageBand, etc. But the main thing is new universal applications that can easily run on both Intel processors and M1 without additional emulation. Mobile apps written for iOS and iPad OS also work without emulation on the new system.

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