Over the past few years, there has been a breakthrough in technologies that can significantly reduce power consumption in computer systems.

 

A team of chemists and physicists from the University of California, Berkeley, reported the creation of a metal-like wire made entirely of carbon. This detail was the last in the Arsenal of tools that allow you to start making carbon-based transistors. The researchers say that they worked on the new technology for several years, and eventually they were able to make semiconductors and insulators from graphene nanoribbons, which are narrow strips one atom thick.

 

 

The silicon structure of modern transistors has long required modernization – more than 40 years. At this time, the limit of performance improvement has come – then only an almost critical increase in power consumption and resistance, side effects in the form of heating components with a minimal increase in performance when new series of chips are released…

Replacing silicon with carbon (using graphene nanotubes) reduces energy consumption and, consequently, increases the autonomy of devices such as laptops and mobile phones.

In addition, when data processing involves structures that are close at the atomic level (at the level of carbon atoms), of course, with various artificial allotropic modifications, the efficiency of microchips is definitely increased. Of course, this is still only a prospect, ready-made solutions of which will clearly soon appear in production.

 

Of course, silicon, however, will not be so easy to get rid of – even in the manufacture of the same nanotubes from graphene, silicon is used as a substrate for nanometer tapes – wires made of graphene with metal-like properties.

 

And the possibility of constructing microprocessors from graphene modules is a long – standing dream of scientists, which is also far from practical implementation…

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